All of acne is caused by the inherited tendency of “retention hyperkeratosis”. This is a fancy name for dead skin cells piling up and sticking together inside the pore along with other debris such as sebum, bacteria and a random rudimentary hair. This debris clumps together to form a plug inside the pore. This is actually called a “comedo”.
If it is still under the skin it is called a whitehead or “closed comedone” and have only a microscopic opening to the skin surface. Since the air cannot reach the follicle, the material is not oxidized, and remains white.
What are Whiteheads?
When the closed comedone opens (matures), it then becomes a blackhead. Contrary to popular belief, blackheads are not caused by dirt – it is a plug of dead skin cells and sebum that is discolored. When the end of the “plug” gets exposed to air, it oxidizes and turns the dark color; hence giving the blackhead its apt name.
You can get rid of blackheads and whiteheads by using the right products for it. You will also need an acne specialist to coach you in how to use the products correctly. It is vitally important to follow instructions closely and consistently, as this type of acne can be the toughest to get under control.
Content provided courtesy of Face Reality Acne Clinic